The extensive use of wireless technologies has prompted some concerns over the health implications of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF). In response, international organisations have established standards for safe levels of human exposure to EMF, notably those by ICNIRP and IEEE/ANSI (the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the American National Standards Institute).
Cullen International’s research shows that countries in the Americas set EMF exposure rules in their national regulation based either on the ICNIRP or IEEE guidelines. In Brazil, some municipalities have set even stricter limits.
Several countries have launched awareness campaigns that aim to reduce people’s concerns. In Argentina and Paraguay, these campaigns also aim to ensure that local rules follow the same standards as the national-level regulation.
With the advent of 5G, which will use millimetre wave bands and new deployment technologies, there are calls for further research into the existing standards to ensure that safe levels of exposure continue to be maintained.
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