meet the team

Multicultural, multilingual, multi-talented: it's our friendly team of 50-plus experts and business support staff that really make Cullen International what it is. We come from 27 countries and speak 26 languages, but we all share the same passion for regulation and a commitment to making our expertise easily accessible to clients. Get to know the team below - or, if you’d like to join us, why not visit our Careers page?

    Chandan Agarwal Principal Web Developer
    Principal Web Developer

    Chandan is a web and Java developer working on Cullen International’s website and authoring platform. He worked as consultant for the company in 2012-2013 and joined the IT Team in April 2015. Chandan has international experience as a Java developer in India, France, Netherlands and Belgium.

    Virginie Alloo Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Virginie follows regulatory developments in the postal sector, with a focus on national developments in Belgium and France. Since joining Cullen International in 2008, Virginie has reported on e-commerce issues, after previously working as a regulatory advisor at Belgacom.

    Elisar Bashir Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Elisar follows EU regulation shaping the digital economy with a particular focus on AI and data-related technologies. She has previous experience working for a tech company and the European External Action Service, among others. Elisar has a Master’s degree in Public Policy from the University of Oxford and holds a Master in International Relations and Law of the European Union from Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”.

    Nathalie Berrettoni Administrative Manager
    Administrative Manager

    Nathalie leads the administration and human resources departments. She joined Cullen International in 1997.

    Vira Bigot Business Development Analyst
    Business Development Analyst

    Vira is responsible for business development in new markets in Eastern Europe and Eurasia. Before joining Cullen International in 2018, Vira worked as a business developer for a Belgian tech start-up. She has a LLM degree in international and European law with a specialisation in business law from Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

    Veronica Bocarova Principal Analyst
    Principal Analyst

    Veronica is responsible for developing Cullen International’s regulatory training portfolio. She has been actively engaged in capacity building initiatives for policymakers and regulators across a wide range of European countries. She also worked extensively on expanding Cullen International’s service coverage into the CEE countries and led the European Commission’s monitoring of telecom markets in the EU enlargement countries from 2008 to 2014.

    Sébastien Breyne Finance Manager
    Finance Manager

    Sébastien is in charge of finance. He is responsible for the budget process and financial data analysis. He joined Cullen International in 2013.

    Naijen Caro Jara Communications & Events Coordinator
    Communications & Events Coordinator

    Naijen joined Cullen International in 2018 to support the Marketing & Communication team. She includes among her responsibilities the Helpdesk, contributing to Cullen’s social media presence, updating the website, and managing client access. Naijen holds a masters degree in advertising and commercial communication from the Institute for Higher Social Communication Studies (IHECS) of Brussels.

    Jan Cisar Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Jan follows telecoms regulation in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Turkey. Before joining Cullen International in 2013, Jan was a regulatory economist at Telefónica Czech Republic.

    Alexandra Contreras Flores Analyst Americas
    Analyst Americas

    Alexandra works as an Americas regulatory analyst, following telecoms regulation in Ecuador and Peru and the specific rules for spectrum licences and awards in Latin America. Alexandra’s previous employment experience includes working for Vodafone Turkey and for the Ecuadorian telecoms regulator Arcotel. She is an economist and financial engineer, with a masters degree in industrial economics, and is currently pursuing a PHD in telecommunications economics.

    Stefano De Luca Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Stefano follows telecoms and digital regulation in Italy with a particular focus on connected cars. Before joining Cullen International in 2016, Stefano worked as an associate in an international law firm and at the European Commission’s think tank on various topics related to the EU telecoms framework review and the digital economy.

    Philippe Defraigne Founding Director
    Founding Director

    A founding director of Cullen International in 1988, Philippe has worked extensively on EU regulation affecting the telecoms and internet sectors and the implementation at national level across Europe. He is widely regarded in the industry as one of the leading experts in the field. Philippe pioneered the practice of cross-country benchmarking of national regulation – the core methodology used across all of Cullen International's intelligence services. He leads business development activities for the company – focussing on building Cullen International's business outside of Europe, in particular in Latin America, the Middle East & North Africa. Philippe frequently presents Cullen International research at industry conferences, client briefings and training courses.

    Hugues Dehaut Administrative Assistant
    Administrative Assistant

    Hugues is a trained translator and recently joined Cullen International to bring support to the Administration Team. He speaks French, English and Spanish as well as a some Brazilian and Italian.

    Delphine Demanet Principal IT Specialist
    Principal IT Specialist

    Delphine manages a large part of Cullen International infrastructure assets, from small laptops to large printers, from operating systems to mails and applications, including acquisition, delivery and support. She is also a certified Scrum Business Owner, participating in the life-cycle of internal applications and acting as release manager for our web publishing system. Delphine joined Cullen International in 2000.

    Charlotte Dercq Senior Client Data Administrator
    Senior Client Data Administrator

    Charlotte ensures the smooth processing of customer contracts and renewals, and maintains the internal financial accounts. She worked for Cullen International on an interim basis, before joining full-time in 2017. She previously worked as a financial controller in the banking sector.

    Jérôme Dheur Principal Analyst
    Principal Analyst

    Jérôme follows EU regulation affecting the internet and media sectors. He also follows the television market in France. Jérôme is lead author of the Media Cross-Country Analysis report covering Western Europe. He is leading the development of a similar report covering Latin America. Jérôme joined the company in 1999. In 2012 he took a sabbatical to work nine months for Cable Europe.

    Ezequiel Dominguez Director, Global Business Development and Sales
    Director, Global Business Development and Sales

    Ezequiel heads Cullen International’s business development in Europe and Americas. Until end 2015, Ezequiel led the coverage of the fast-growing telecoms and television sectors in Latin America (now Americas), having co-founded the service in 2010. Based in Brussels, he travels frequently across Europe and Americas to meet telecoms and television providers, regulators and government ministries. Prior to his collaboration with Cullen International, Ezequiel was a senior researcher at Informa Telecoms & Media in London.

    Peter Dunn Director of European Relations
    Director of European Relations

    Peter is responsible for developing and maintaining close relations with Cullen’s clients and other contacts in Europe. He regularly presents Cullen’s research in industry conferences and training courses. Peter also leads the postal regulatory intelligence service. Peter has developed new lines of business for the company – including the launch of a successful training business in 2011 and the postal service in 2013. Before joining Cullen International in 2010, he worked in the UK and continental Europe for Orange and for Colt; and for Digicel Group in the Caribbean.

    Jonathan Eloot Front-End Developer
    Front-End Developer

    Jonathan works as a front-end developer for Cullen International’s website and client portal. He brings a diverse set of skills from his previous professional experience as a graphic designer and marketer, including at Sii Belgium & Actito.

    Teresa Félix Analyst

    Teresa follows telecoms regulation in Portugal. She is a legal expert in EU and national telecoms and postal regulation, largely dedicated to consumer issues. Before joining Cullen International, Teresa worked in Portugal at the national regulatory authority for communications (ANACOM) as a legal advisor to the Information and Consumers Department. She has also worked as a legal advisor at the Portuguese Association for Consumer Protection.

    Armen Ghalumyan Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Armen covers postal and telecoms regulation, including managing the postal cross-country tables and following telecoms developments in Estonia and Romania. Prior to working with Cullen International in 2015, Armen was involved as a consultant in a number of ICT-related assignments for the World Bank and the EBRD.

    Valentina Grasso Senior Administrator
    Senior Administrator

    Valentina prepares subsidy applications, contracts, tenders and other administrative services to support clients. Before joining Cullen International, Valentina worked for 12 years in the Public Affairs office of Telecom Italia in Brussels. Valentina has a degree in translation, speaking Italian, French and English, as well as some Spanish and Dutch.

    Ali Hayajneh Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Ali follows telecoms regulation in the MENA region, focusing on regulatory developments in Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Before joining Cullen International in 2020, Ali worked in Jordan at the Telecommunications Regulatory Commission and at Zain. Ali has also worked with the Qatar Communications Regulatory Authority and in the UAE for Etisalat.

    Olha Hruba Media Analyst
    Media Analyst

    Olha follows EU regulation affecting the digital economy and audiovisual media sectors, with a focus on national developments in the Netherlands. Olha holds an advanced master degree in intellectual property and information and communications technology law from the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. She joined the company in 2017.

    Javier Huerta Bravo Head of Digital Economy
    Head of Digital Economy

    Javier leads the digital economy regulatory intelligence service for Europe. Before joining Cullen International in 2014, Javier worked at the European Commission on copyright, e-commerce and other topics related to online services. He is a qualified lawyer.

    Dries Indesteege Head of Telecoms
    Head of Telecoms

    Dries leads our research on telecoms regulation in Europe, pulling in contributions from our analysts and correspondents across the continent. Prior to his collaboration with Cullen International, Dries worked at Belgacom/Proximus on local loop unbundling and the company's launch of IPTV.

    Jose Jehuda Garcia Senior Analyst Americas
    Senior Analyst Americas

    Jose works as a senior analyst in the Americas team, covering regulation in the Media, Telecommunications and Digital Economy sectors and following developments in the United States and Mexico. He is a practising lawyer in the United States with experience in copyright, consumer credit, and business transactions. Jose has previous experience as a writer and producer for radio, TV, and film.

    Marta Kajda Competition Law Analyst
    Competition Law Analyst

    Marta tracks and analyses competition law developments at both EU and national level in all sectors covered by Cullen International (telecoms, media, digital economy and postal). Marta holds a master’s degree in law from the University of Warsaw in Poland and a postgraduate diploma in competition law. Prior to joining Cullen International, Marta worked in Poland at the Court of Competition and Consumer Protection as well as at the national competition authority.

    Janne Kalliala Head of Competition Law
    Head of Competition Law

    Janne is responsible for the Competition Law service of Cullen International that tracks and analyses competition law developments at both EU and national level. He also follows telecoms regulation in Finland. Prior to his collaboration with Cullen International, Janne was a competition lawyer in Helsinki.

    Muatasem Khair Ad-Deen Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Muatasem traces telecoms regulation in Middle East & North Africa. He follows the regulation in Egypt, Jordan, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Before joining Cullen International in 2016, he worked at the Telecommunications Regulatory Commission and the Competition Authority of Jordan.

    Miklós Kozma Competition Law Analyst
    Competition Law Analyst

    Miklós tracks and analyses competition law developments at both EU and national level in all sectors covered by Cullen International (telecoms, media, digital economy and postal). Miklós holds a master’s degree in law from Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest. He first joined the company as an intern in 2016.

    Dieter Kronegger

    Dieter follows telecoms regulation in Germany and Austria and is the lead author of the Spectrum Service. Before the start of his collaboration with Cullen International in 2005, Dieter worked at the Austrian telecoms and media regulator RTR.

    Loïc Le Floch Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Loïc follows regulatory developments in the telecoms sector, with a focus on Algeria, France and Morocco. Before joining Cullen International, Loïc managed regulatory and wholesale affairs for Algerian operator Djezzy and worked as head of economic affairs in Maroc Telecom Group’s regulation and legal affairs department.

    Michèle Ledger Head of Media
    Head of Media

    Michèle leads Cullen International’s Media regulatory intelligence service. She worked for many years in the digital economy practice and has extensive knowledge of the implementation of the EU frameworks at national level across Europe. She is a researcher at the CRIDS research centre of the University of Namur where she also lectures on the regulatory aspects of online platforms at the postmaster degree course (DTIC). She joined Cullen International in 1998, previously working as a lawyer in Brussels.

    Susanne Lesschaeve Head of Marketing & Communication
    Head of Marketing & Communication

    Susanne is in charge of marketing and communications, including event management. She joined Cullen International in 2012, bringing 16 years of marketing experience in the ICT and medical sectors.

    Carolina Limbatto Head of Americas
    Head of Americas

    Carolina leads Cullen International Americas services covering the Telecoms, Media and Digital Economy sectors. She has been responsible for enlarging Cullen´s portfolio in the Americas, most recently developing the new Spectrum service for the region. Before joining Cullen in 2014, Carolina worked at the Argentine telecoms policy-maker, SeCom, for five years as an advisor on regulatory and economic issues. Carolina is an economist specialized in regulation and competition, she has significant presence in Latin America regional events, providing a neutral perspective of the key regulatory issues in the ICT and digital sectors.

    Fleur Luyckfasseel Junior Administrative Assistant
    Junior Administrative Assistant

    Fleur supports Cullen’s administration team, managing travel and events, as well as assisting with the renewal of official documents. Fleur recently graduated in Tourism and Event Management, followed by a traineeship as an administrative assistant for WEP Belgium, a tour operator for young travellers. Fleur speaks French, Dutch, English and Italian.

    Serge Margoulies Chief Information Officer
    Chief Information Officer

    Serge leads Cullen International’s IT team, managing the company’s infrastructure, information systems, business applications and web sites. Serge joined Cullen International in 2010, previously working as Product Manager, CTO or CEO for multiple companies in Europe, USA and Canada.

    Marianna Mattera Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Marianna follows privacy regulation at EU level and national legislative developments in the digital economy in France. She is an expert in EU telecoms regulation as well. Before joining Cullen International, Marianna worked at the European Commission (DG JUST) and as a lawyer in Italy. She is a qualified lawyer.

    Albert Mehana Accountant

    Albert handles the day-to-day accounting tasks of the company. He joined Cullen International in 2016.

    Javier Morales Fhon Analyst Americas and Global Tech Trends
    Analyst Americas and Global Tech Trends

    Javier works as an Americas and Global Trends regulatory analyst, following digital economy and media in Peru, and global trends in India and South Africa. Javier previously worked for Telefonica and for the Peruvian telecoms regulator Osiptel. He is an economist and a lawyer with a master’s degree in Economics and Competition Law from the Toulouse School of Economics.

    Andre Moura Gomes Principal Analyst
    Principal Analyst

    André is a lawyer specialized in public policy and regulation working with Cullen since 2016. He is lead author of digital economy reports in the Americas and part of the Global Trends team. André follows telecoms regulation in Brazil and Mexico and digital economy developments in Brazil, South Korea and the United States. Prior to his collaboration with Cullen, André worked as a policy advisor at the Brazilian Ministry of Communications coordinating policies for expanding broadband services.

    Sebastian-Dan Naste Analyst

    Sebastian follows EU regulation related to privacy and data protection, as well as national legislative developments covering the digital economy more broadly in Ireland and Romania. He joined Cullen International from a consultancy company in Brussels, where he was a public affairs manager. Sebastian worked at the Permanent Representation of Romania to the EU in the team dealing with cybersecurity and telecom during Romania’s Presidency of the Council of the EU in the first half of 2019. Previously, he worked for Deloitte Luxembourg advising the EU institutions on how to address the cyber and privacy challenges. Sebastian has an LL.M Master’s Degree in Law and Technology from Tilburg University in the Netherlands.

    Laurence Nivot Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Laurence follows telecoms regulation in Belgium, France and Lithuania. Laurence is also lead author of the Consumer Protection Cross-Country Analysis report, covering 12 European countries. Laurence joined Cullen International in 2012, previously working as a journalist for the European Commission's news website.

    Felipe Olchenski Business Development Analyst
    Business Development Analyst

    Felipe is responsible for business development in emerging markets. Before joining Cullen International, Felipe worked as Account Manager for Huawei in Brazil and at the Government and Public Affairs Department.

    Matej Podbevsek Principal Analyst
    Principal Analyst

    Matej follows telecoms regulation in Latvia, Slovenia and the UK, and is the lead author of the monthly Europe Telecom Update. Before joining Cullen International in 2014, Matej was a senior advisor in the telecommunications department of the Slovenian regulator for communication networks and services (AKOS).

    Pierre-Yves Potelle Head of Client Services Europe & MENA
    Head of Client Services Europe & MENA

    Pierre-Yves is responsible for our portfolio of regulatory intelligence services covering Europe and MENA, ensuring that our services meet clients’ current and future needs. He coordinates development of all major Cullen services with our IT team. He is one of the authors of the Cullen Legislation Navigator. Pierre-Yves also follows telecoms regulation in France, Switzerland and visits clients to brief them on regulatory topics. Pierre-Yves has worked for Cullen International in Brussels for 16 years.

    Kyrylo Prymak Analyst

    Kyrylo follows regulation of the telecoms sector and the wider digital economy in the UK. He also covers the telecoms sector in Bulgaria and Hungary. Before joining Cullen International in 2018, Kyrylo worked in Ukraine for an international law firm on telecoms regulation, intellectual property and data protection law. He has also worked as a legal advisor at one of the biggest Ukrainian telecom operators. Kyrylo holds a master’s degree in Information and Communications Technology Law from the University of Oslo.

    Visiola Pula Senior Analyst
    Senior Analyst

    Visiola follows cybersecurity regulation at EU level and national cybersecurity developments in the UK and Ireland. At EU level, she focuses on initiatives such as the NIS Directive, 5G security and the EU cybersecurity act. Visiola joined Cullen International in July 2015, after graduating from the University of Hamburg in EU Law and Affairs.

    Laura Sboarina Principal Analyst
    Principal Analyst

    Laura follows EU regulation affecting the media sector, specialising on television and online video services. She also follows the television markets in Italy and in the US. Laura joined Cullen International in 2011, previously representing in Brussels the European association of television and radio advertising sales houses (EGTA). She also worked at the Italian public service broadcaster, RAI.

    Elena Scaramuzzi Head of Global Research
    Head of Global Research

    Elena leads regulatory services and research activities with a global reach. At Cullen International since 2009, Elena co-designed, and is now leading the Global Trends service. Prior to that, Elena has led and contributed to new service developments serving clients in the Americas and Europe. With over 25 years’ work experience in the sector, before joining Cullen International Elena worked for Telecom Italia and the World Bank.

    Martin Schraa Principal Analyst
    Principal Analyst

    Martin follows telecoms regulation at EU level, covering the European Commission, Parliament, Council and BEREC. He also follows postal and telecoms regulation in the Netherlands. Martin joined Cullen International in 2007 after an internship at the European Telecommunications Network Operators' association (ETNO).

    Céline Senay Junior Analyst
    Junior Analyst

    Céline follows telecoms regulation in Luxembourg and Turkey, as well as postal regulation in Luxembourg and Ireland. Céline holds a master’s degree in economic law from the Université Libre de Bruxelles and an advanced master’s in information and Communication Technology law from Université de Namur, Belgium.

    James Thomson Editor in Chief, Global Tech Trends
    Editor in Chief, Global Tech Trends

    James is co-leading the research and launch in early 2020 of Cullen International’s new Global Trends service. The service identifies key regulatory challenges in the tech sector – in areas such as the internet of things, artificial intelligence and 5G mobile – and compares how policy makers and regulators are setting the rules across the world. The service has a strong emphasis on comparing regulatory approaches in major economies across Asia, Europe and the US. James has a 20-year career as a digital economy and telecoms regulatory analyst in Cullen International.

    Michael van Maris van Dijk Junior Analyst
    Junior Analyst

    Michael follows regulation of the telecoms sector in Cyprus, and of the postal sector in Austria and the United Kingdom. He holds a BA in Law with Law Studies in Europe from the University of Oxford.

    Nathalie Vereecke Website Editor
    Website Editor

    Nathalie is responsible for quality control of the publications on our website and supporting analysts. Nathalie joined Cullen International in 2001.

    Sarah Vergote Events & Communication Coordinator
    Events & Communication Coordinator

    Sarah is responsible for event organisation and coordination, providing comprehensive support for participants. With a graduate degree in tourism, Sarah joined Cullen International in 2013, using her experience to run our events, which include training courses and conferences.