Co-regulation implies shared responsibility between the regulator and industry stakeholders. While the state is not present in self-regulation, in co-regulation the state gives the mandate to co-regulate in a specific area and/or ensures the enforcement of the co-regulatory system through back-stop powers.
In particular, the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD) encourages EU members states use co-regulation for the protection of minors (e.g. regarding media service providers’ obligation to adequately inform viewers about content that may be harmful to minors) and advertising (e.g. to reduce children’s exposure to advertising for junk food and alcoholic beverages).
Cullen International’s latest research shows that eight out of the eleven member states surveyed have co-regulatory systems in place, which cover areas such as: content classification/labelling/watershed, advertising, access control technology, and promotion of a healthy diet and physical activity.
Finland, Germany and the Netherlands have optimal co-regulatory systems in place for the protection of minors in both linear television and on demand services.
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14 August 19
New benchmark on upcoming and ongoing spectrum awards in the Americas
Cullen International's new benchmark provides an overview on upcoming and ongoing spectrum award in the Americas.
13 August 19
Legislation Navigator updated with the European postal legislation
Cullen International has updated its Legislation Navigator to add the two key pieces of European postal legislation: the consolidated text of the Postal Services Directive (incorporating the amendments made in 2002 and 2008 to the original 1997 text) and the 2018 Regulation on cross-border parcel delivery services.
30 July 19
New benchmark on number portability regimes in the Americas
Cullen International’s new benchmark provides an overview of the mobile and fixed number portability regimes, and their implementation across the Americas.