Most countries in the Americas include coverage obligations in their latest spectrum licence awards. In some countries, the coverage requirements are set out in detail with a specific rollout schedule, including for roads and rural areas, whereas other countries set more generic obligations based on covering a percentage of the population.
A range of other obligations can be included as spectrum licence conditions, including: mandated wholesale access; obligations to pay for the costs of migrating users and to mitigate against interference with other licensees; and requiring licensees to grant subsidised access and equipment to specific user groups.
In the United States, coverage obligations are linked to the “use it or lose it” principle, which aims to prevent spectrum hoarding or anti-competitive behaviour, while fostering economic activity in local areas. The FCC usually sets interim and final targets that require the licensee to cover a certain percentage of the population in each licence area. If these targets are not met, the licence term can be reduced and the spectrum licence reclaimed by the FCC, which will make it available to other potential users.
12 June 18
The future postal regulatory framework needs to reflect changing user needs and industry innovations
There is no clear consensus on the shape of the future regulatory regime for the postal and delivery market. In particular, the diversity in user needs forces policy makers and market players to consider a range of difficult issues. Many of these topics were discussed at the 26th Conference on Postal and Delivery Economics which took place at the beginning of June in Croatia.
31 May 18
New benchmark on telecoms operators' strategies into media content
Our new benchmark analyses the content strategies of the main electronic communications operators in key EU markets and examines the extent to which these operators have decided to invest in the content media value chain.
29 May 18
New benchmark on the fight against online piracy
Cullen International’s new research examines new administrative and court procedures to fight online piracy in Europe. Online piracy remains high despite the emergence of successful online offers such as Netflix.