Independence of media regulators January 2010 Commissioned by: European Commission

Commissioned by the European Commission and led by the Hans Bredow Institute, also in cooperation with ICRI and CMCS


Cullen International has worked on a study for the European Commission on the independence and efficient functioning of audiovisual media regulators.

The two main practical outcomes of the study are a set of essential characteristics and best practices for media regulatory authorities and a ranking tool to assess their level of actual independence from a formal (legal) and de facto point of view.

The report also contains the theoretical background and a detailed description of the regulatory situation regarding the  independence of media regulators  in the 43 countries covered (i.e. the EU member states, the EFTA countries, the accession and pre-accession countries, Japan, the US, Singapore and Australia).

The project was led by the Hans Bredow Institute for Media Research, University of Hamburg, Germany.

Final report
Ranking tool 

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