One of the key concerns for postal policy and regulation is the sustainability and funding of the postal universal service.
The Postal Services Directive sets out that two of the possible means of funding, a contributory compensation fund or public financing, may only be introduced if it can be established that the provision of the USO entails a net cost and imposes an unfair burden on the universal service provider. However despite many national regulatory regimes providing detailed methodologies for establishing the USO net cost, in practice compensation is rarely paid.
Given growing pressures on the sustainability of the postal universal service, it is arguable that the future review of the Postal Services Directive should consider a less complex and more practical way of ensuring appropriate funding for the universal service.
Cullen International’s Postal service provides comprehensive national benchmarks to show different aspects of the law and regulations governing the USO net cost calculation and compensation, and also how these rules have been applied in practice.
We also track the rules applying to public financing and relevant postal state aid cases. Postal providers in some European countries, including in Belgium and Portugal, provide services under a public contract with the state to ensure the universal service.
To access our benchmark on end user complaints, please click on “Access the full content” or on “Request Access”, in case you are not subscribed to our Postal service.
14 September 20
How do countries regulate social media?
According to a new Global Trends report by Cullen International, policy makers and regulators around the world are facing similar challenges on how to adapt existing regulatory frameworks to new online services and related business models. Approaches to social media regulation, however, tend to vary.
11 September 20
AVMS Directive transposition Progress Report September 2020 – Most Member States will not meet the implementation deadline
The deadline for member states to transpose the Audiovisual Media Services Directive expires in a few days (on 19 September 2020). However, the transposition process has not moved forward significantly in any of the countries compared to what was reported in Cullen International's July Report.
10 September 20
[INFOGRAPHIC] Big tech under scrutiny in the US
The CEOs of Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google are under scrutiny about their alleged monopoly and gatekeeping power as well as anticompetitive practices. In a handy 1-page overview, Cullen International's new Cheat Sheet summarises the main alleged anti-competitive behaviours, other investigations and next steps in the US.