Cullen International prepared a survey for the European Commission of the implementation by the EU 25 member states of the broadcasting-related provisions of the 2003 telecommunications regulatory framework.
- Authorisation regime for electronic communications networks and services and how this applied to the distribution of radio and television broadcasting and on-demand services.
- Radio spectrum licensing for broadcasting.
- Must-carry obligations.
- Rules on conditional access systems (CAS), application programme interfaces (APIs) and electronic programme guides (EPGs).