Changes to wholesale local access offers in Europe 16 January 23 Dieter Kronegger

Cullen International’s new European telecoms benchmark provides an overview of different kinds of wholesale local access products. Where local access is mandated, this is usually the result of an analysis of the fixed wholesale local access market (market 1/2020, previously market 3a/2014). Some countries imposed symmetric obligations which apply to all operators irrespective of their market power.

Our research shows that there is no longer a clear boundary between local and central access. Virtual unbundling (VULA) products now often provide points of handover at a higher level of the network, or allow access seekers to choose where they prefer local, regional or central handover. In some countries, VULA is now fully replacing physical access.

To access the full benchmark, please click on “Access the full content” - or on “Request Access”, in case you are not subscribed to our European Telecoms Service.


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