In recent years, EU and national regulators have put forward different initiatives specifically targeting online platforms. Most of these initiatives try to ensure that platforms are:
- more active in fighting illegal content; and
- more transparent and fair towards consumers and businesses offering products and services.
Cullen International's European Digital Economy service covers national initiatives of this kind in nine EU countries.
This is the third of three benchmarks we are releasing on national developments affecting platforms in Europe. Over three weeks, we are sharing with you one benchmark per week.
Challenge 3: Content recognition technologies
EU institutions are currently debating whether certain platforms such as video-sharing should take measures, such as content recognition (i.e. filtering) technologies, to prevent the availability of copyright-infringing content.
This benchmark summarises recent national court decisions on whether platforms should implement content recognition technologies or not.
Our research shows that:
- Spanish and French courts are reluctant to impose on platforms benefiting from the liability exemption in the e-Commerce Directive (eCD) an obligation to apply filtering technologies; and
- according to the most recent decisions by Italian and German courts, even if platforms benefit from the liability exemption in the eCD, they can be obliged to apply filtering technologies.
20 September 18
New research on the regulatory framework for e-payments in the Americas
This fourth of five digital economy benchmarks provides an overview of the legal and regulatory framework for electronic payments, including the use of mobile money and virtual currencies, in the Americas.
11 September 18
New research on national policies and incentives to attract data centres in the Americas
This third of five new Digital Economy benchmarks presents the policies and incentives of countries in the Americas that target the establishment and operation of data centres.
04 September 18
New research on Artificial intelligence strategies and regulation in the Americas
This second of five new Digital Economy benchmarks covers whether American governments have published or proposed specific strategies or plans on nationwide adoption of AI.